Whether you are fair complexioned or dusky, even-toned skin always looks good, but this is often marred by patches of dullness and dark tones that appear on the skin. Hyperpigmentation and patchy skin tone is a common problem that can occur on any type of skin. So, what is hyperpigmentation? It is generally a harmless, superficial problem that happens due to uneven melanin (the brown pigment under our skin that is responsible for our skin colour) production in the skin. As a result, the skin appears discoloured or patchy.
How do you get pigmentation?
Pigmentation becomes a skin issue when there is an excessive deposition of melanin pigment in some areas of our skin, more than normal.Several different conditions or factors can alter the production of melanin in your body.This darkening occurs mostly due to sun exposure, and other causes like your genetic makeup, skin allergies, hormonal changes and acne. In some cases women get pigmented patches on the face or belly during pregnancy as changing hormone levels impact melanin production under the skin.
Types of hyperpigmentation that you can get
Tanning: This is an overall darkening of the skin, when exposed to sun for long hours. The skin darkens in an even manner with release of extra melanin over a larger area of skin. Dermatologists say that when the UV rays hurt the epidermis, it tries to protect the deeper layers of skin by producing extra melanin.
Age spots: Age spots are flat, grey, brown or black spots that happen due to clumping of excess pigment in one small area. They vary in size and usually appear on the face, hands, shoulders and arms, again due to exposure to the ultraviolet rays. Though age spots are more common in women older than 40, but due to our lifestyle changes they can affect younger women as well.
Melasma: They look like age spots but appear in a larger area than age spots. Melasma occurs due to hormonal changes. Melasma often appears during pregnancy on your cheeks, forehead and even abdomen. You run the risk of developing melasma if you take birth control pills or undergo some hormonal treatments.
Dark patches: dark patches or blemishes happen due to injury to the top layer of your skin. Acne is one of the major reasons for dark blemishes on the skin. The dark spots are left on the skin once the condition clears. This is due to damage done to the area.
How to manage pigmentation
To get even complexion the first thing to do is to inhibit melanin production. So, the first line of defence to prevent pigmentation is to protect your skin from the UV rays. Wear a sunscreen with minimum SPF 20. Wear your sunscreen at least 20 minutes before stepping out in the sun. Try Lambre Sun Protection Cream SPF 30.
Even if you are not out in the harsh sun, you need to apply a sunscreen with lower SPF to keep your skin protected from blue radiation emanating from your laptop or device. This can also cause pigmentation issues. We recommend Lambre Sun Protection Cream SPF 15.
While sunscreen protects skin from UV radiation, you will need specialised cream to minimise the appearance of patchy skin, age spots or reduce tan. Once the UV rays are barred from tanning the skin, and melanin production is reduced, the skin automatically starts taking on a lighter tone. Licorice, lycopene, niancinamide, MAP, ascorbic acid, retinol are the important actives that work well in blocking melanin. Along with these, acids like lactic acid, AHAs, kojic acid, azelaic acid work on preventing melanocytes from growing, and improving skin cell turnover. This ensures your new skin is clearer and smoother. Look for creams with these actives. Try Lambre Porcelain Skin Face Cream and Lambre Beauty Expert Morning Miracle Vitamin C Face Serum.
You must use the products regularly to see sustained results. While the products start to work immediately on your skin, but results are visible only after about 4 weeks since that’s how long it takes for the skin to renew itself. Since our Indian complexion is naturally yellow and olive toned, so you should focus on getting luminous, even and smooth complexion, no matter what your skin tone is.